Following is the transcript of the Question & Answer session by Shk Muhammad al-Jibaly. (Link to the original video.)
1) Is it true that if a person unintentionally misses the ‘Eid prayer they have to feed the poor person as compensation?
No, I don’t know of any proof for that. If you miss the ‘eid prayer you should make it up either individually or in jama’ah. [for more info refer to the Shaykh’s Festivals and Celebration in Islam]
2) In regard to praying fard prayer, if the time of Salah has arrived and I’m at home alone or should I wait for other members to come and join me in jama’ah or pray alone?
If you are a male and are in the vicinity of a masjid, within a kilometer away then you have to pray the jama’ah in the masjid and not at home. But, if you are far away from the masjid then you can pray in jama’ah or at home alone. That is if it’s not possible for you to join the jama’ah in the masjid then you can pray at home individually. But if you know that other members would come and join you then you can wait for them or if the time for prayer is about to get over then you should pray alone. This applies to women at home too. This applies for women at home too. The Prophet (saws) said, there are no three people in the desert or in a village or a town and they do not give Adhan and pray in jama’ah (when the time for Salah comes) but that Shaytan will overtake them. So, it’s very important to pray in jama’ah even if you’re not close to the masjid.
3) A few tips to be a strong Muslim.
It depends on what is meant by strength. That is to be strong in Aqeedah, then you should learn Islam and do Dawah, then your Aqeedah will keep increasing. But, if you don’t do anything then you will move backwards in your faith. The life on this earth is like water current, it doesn’t move in the right direction but in the direction Shaytan takes it. So, if a person stays still in this life without seeking ‘ilm and moving forward in faith then that person’s faith will decrease. The only way to save yourself is to work and move against the current. Be active in learning, implementing and spreading Islam.
4) Is it haram to kill an ant if there are too many of them?
If the ants are not harming you and are not bothering you then in that case there is no need to kill them because from the hadith we know that it is Allah’s creation and make tasbeeh of Allah but in case if they become pest and harm you then it is permissible to kill them. For example, fire ants in Texas are very poisonous and one bite might make the foot swell.
5) In Ramadan if a person prays Taraweeh after Isha and after that he offers late night Tahajjud, then is it bid’ah?
Qiyaam of the night prayers starts after Isha and ends till before Fajr. Witr should be prayed at the end of the Qiyaam. But, if a person gets up in the night and wants to pray more qiyaam then he can do so but the witr shouldn’t be offered again.
6) How can we thank Allah swt in the most pleasing way to Him?
This can be done by obeying Him. Because that shows that we indeed submit to Him as a grateful slave should. If you’re truly grateful to Allah swt then obey Him.
7) Thinking of Hijab as only wearing a scarf on the head?
There is a lot of deficiency among the Muslims in the way they dress up, both men and women. Sometimes, men wear trousers that cover their ankles, tight clothes, t-shirts with bad writings on them etc. The clothes shouldn’t be tight that they reveal the awrah, or imitate the kuffar in their dress, hair styles, beard etc.
Women should not wear tight, revealing garments; they should wear a khimar which is wide enough to cover their shoulders and a jilbab that is wide enough to hide the shape of the rest of the body. [refer Shaykh al-Albani’s book Jilbab al-Marra al-Muslimah]
8) A man pronounces divorce three times all at once, is it a proper divorce?
No, because when a person says to his wife divorce three times in one sitting then that is not valid. It is a bid’ah because neither the Prophet (saws) nor the Sahabah did that. Umar (ra) was very harsh with one who divorced in such a manner. After a person divorces his wife once, like he says “I divorce you” one time, then she no longer is his wife unless he takes her back. So how can he divorce her for the second and third time at the same time, because for doing so he’ll have to take her back first? Shaykh Ibn Taymiyyah has mentioned strong proofs against this type of innovated divorce. A joke by Ibn al Jawzi, who said, “There was a man who had four wives and one of them made him angry for a silly reason and he said, “I divorce you”. All of the wives lived in the same house, so another wife heard this and said, “Don’t you fear Allah that you’re telling her that you divorce her for such a silly reason?”, so the man said, “Since you are defending her I divorce you too”. So the third wife said, “Are you crazy that you divorced two of your wives at the same time in one sitting?”, Then he said, “You’re defending them so I divorce you too”, So the fourth wife said, “I haven’t seen a crazier man than you, that you divorced three of your wives at the same time” So he divorced the fourth one too. His neighbor’s wife was hearing this conversation, so she said, “You’re the most stupid man that I’ve ever seen, that you are divorcing all of your wives for the silliest reasons” So, he said I divorce you also if your husband allows this. The woman’s husband then called out from inside, “I allow it” so this man got the title, “The one who divorced five women in one sitting”
9) Do you think that it it would be beneficial to change certain manners in Islam in order to attract many people through Da’wah?
What manners do you mean? If you’re talking about those ordained by Allah (swt) and His Messenger (saws), the Shari’ah, then we cannot change them for whatever reason. In Islam we don’t have a rule which says that “If your goal is good then whatever means you adopt to reach it would be fine” The means should be permissible. If the people refuse to accept Islam then we have to leave it up to them and not compromise on our religion. Like, you cannot say that, okay I’ll give up on my hijab for you to accept Islam or any other means that violates the Shari’ah. Our fixed values are fixed by Allah swt and we are not going to change it for anybody’s sake or for any reason.
10) My parents tell me that if we do certain actions like call out the Adhan in the house then we can drive away the Shaytan from the house. Is doing this by obeying them committing Shirk?
First of all, this is true. Prophet Muhammad (saws) said that Shaytan runs away by listening to the Adhan. But this doesn’t mean that you can give the Adhan whenever you want with reason or without reason. Adhan has specific times. So give the Adhan when it is time for the Adhan. The correct method to pray when the time for Salah comes, as the Prophet (saws) said to the man who didn’t know how to pray is, first give Adhan then give Iqamah. So even if you are praying alone first you can give the Adhan. It doesn’t have to be loud, you can say it for yourself or loud enough for it to be heard by people who are around you. No it is not Shirk if you do it so as not to anger them, unless they tell you do something that is forbidden.
11) How do you deal with a wife who doesn’t like your family members?
It depends on the reasons she dislikes them for. If it is for some Shari’ee reason that is if they do anything that is dislike by Allah SWT and if they disobey Him, like backbite, gossip a lot etc then it is okay. She has a reason to dislike them because they are going against the Commands of Allah SWT. In this case you have to tell your parents and family members that what they are doing is disliked by Allah (swt) and you should tell them what is right and also tell your wife that she too should help you in doing da’wah to your parents. On the other hand, if your wife dislikes them for any worldly reasons like wealth, property etc then that is wrong. In that case you have to educate her so that she knows that her live and hate should be for the sake of Allah SWT. You should make her understand and make her visit them and respect them, to bring them closer to each other.
12) When a woman has prayed the Jumu’ah prayer does she have to pray the Zuhr?
No, Jumu’ah replaces the Zuhr prayer both for a man and a woman. So if she has prayed the Jumu’ah Salah tehn there is no need to pray the Zuhr Salah.
13) If we lend money to a man, do we still have to pay Zakah on it?
Yes, you have to because it’s still your money. But there are two case here, first when the loan is a living loan that is you are sure that you’re going to get it back, in this case you have to pay Zakah on it or wait until you get all the money back and pay the Zakah on it all at once for all the years that you didn’t pay on it. Second, when you realize from the person’s situation, that you lend money to, that he’ll never be able to repay it to you then you do not pay Zakah because you may never get the money back. But if the man’s situation changes and he gives you the money then you have to pay Zakah for all the years that passed and you didn’t pay Zakah on it.
14) If someone mistreats us by cheating ect then can we do the same to them?
The Prophet (saws) said, “Do not betray the person who betrays you” He prohibited believers from being cheaters or deceivers, He said, “If a person cheats then he is not one of us” Allah SWT Says, “Let not the hatred cause you to be unfair to them” So, we are prohibited to cheat on others. Once a man told the Prophet (saws) that I have relative with whom I do good but they respond to me in a bad way so what should I do? The Prophet (saws) said that what you are doing is good and it is not harming you in any way but to it is harming them only. In other words do not worry about it.
15) When we hear the Prophet Muhammad’s (saws) name we say “saws” likewise is it compulsory on us to say “subhanahu wa ta’ala” on mentioning Allah’s (swt) name?
No, there are no texts that tell us to do so. It is our obligation to send salaam on hearing the Prophet’s (saws) name but as for Allah’s (swt) name, He did not command us to do so. But any Dhikr that you do is highly reward-able without a doubt.
16) Is it compulsory to fast at the age of ten?
It becomes obligatory on a person to fast when he attains puberty. But on the parents it is compulsory on them to start training their children from the age of seven itself.
17) Can you work in old age care facility (where there are old people of both genders and you have to attend to them like give them shower etc) in Ramadan?
There is no difference between Ramadan and any other month. If a thing is prohibited, then it is prohibited whatever month it is.
It’s better to avoid it, that is giving shower etc, in any case if it involves opposite gender. But if one has to give them medication which they are incapable of doing themselves then the males should serve males and females serve females, same applies for shower etc.